Instructions for authors

Journal Ethics and Deontology encourages and supports the publication of scientific articles with national and international relevance according to Focus and Scope. The scope of the journal is to encourage research that is interdisciplinary intersection of ethics with the social-humanities and engineering sciences and supported by appropriate bibliographic bases. The topics approached and the analyzed notions must capture both the dynamics and the interference of ethics with the social, legal, medical, technical system, etc., as the case may be, revealing the impact on the current society.

The structure of the analyzed theme content needs to be clear and the approach scientific, under the conditions of the author's compliance with the norms regarding Publication Ethics. This ensures the work submitted by the author(s) to go easily through the review stages in order to be published. Materials submitted for publication must be original studies and research, which have not been published or sent for publication to other journals.

The paper (Article, Revision of the specialized literature (review), Short Communication, Case Study, etc.) will be uploaded on MAKE SUBMISSION, where the authors will find mandatory to accept the requirements regarding Publication Agreement and Statement of Originality.

General requirements for scientific material

  • The paper must deal with a problem of interest/actuality for scientific research, either in the field of ethics or through interdisciplinary approach with aspects of ethics and/or deontology in the field of research.
  • The paper must be original, representing the exclusive work of the author/authors.
  • The paper should mention all the authors.
  • The paper can be written in Romanian or English language, those in English will also be subject to an English language review in addition to the specialized one.
  • The paper will comply with the APA citation styleAll the sources used in the paper should be inserted in the bibliographic References.
  • The paper will be drafted in compliance with the rules regarding the format available in the Template.
  • The author(s) assumes full responsibility for respecting the copyrights; the materials reproduced in the paper (images/documents/texts) are made under the responsibility of the author(s) who assume that they have all necessary authorizations.

Types of scientific papers recommended for review and publication

Journal Ethics and Deontology receives for review in order to publish the following types of scientific materials, the author/authors indicating in the paper, above to the title on the left side, the type of paper send to be published. The editors will check the classification of the paper in the category indicated by the author, and in case of inconsistency, it will be communicated with the author in order to correctly identify the type of scientific material.

If necessary, exceptions can be made to the rules from below, after the initial evaluation of the submission of the paper, with the opinion of the editors of the journal.


Article is a research or scientific paper with a limit of 4000-6000 words, excluding references. The research papers are quite complex, because they are academic writings that are based on the author's/authors' research on a specific subject.

The format of such a paper has a rigid, standardized structure, resulting from the need to communicate efficiently and unitarily between researchers. Most of the scientific articles are divided into the following sections: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussions, Acknowledgements and Bibliography, each of which is important for the reader, depending on his interest (Title and Abstract to form an opinion about the information contained in the article; section of Results or Conclusions for those who are interested in the subject of the article).

The Abstract, with a length of up to 250 words, represents the important points of the paper, is a short summary of paper and can be understood without the help of the rest of the article.

In Introduction is presented the researched problem and the contribution of the author. It is presented the approach of the author(s) and the way in which this approach differs from the previously published works. It is recommended that each statement made in the introduction be demonstrated in the text.

Methods describes how the study is conducted. The presentation must be done in such a way that the reader can understand the logical course of the study. You have to give enough details so that other researchers can repeat the experiments and get comparable results. For standardized research methods (example: type of questionnaire; method of interpretation of data/results) the appropriate bibliographic source is indicating and only the necessary details are provided. If the methods are not standardised, they must be described in detail, but without being too many and unnecessary.

Results must contain only the relevant out comes, objectively, without interpretation, in a logical order, of importance or chronological. Sufficient details must be provided to support them. It is advisable to present the negative results (they do not support the hypothesis or even contradict it). These results have been obtained and must be interpreted and may be useful to other authors.

Discussions are designed to interpret and compare the results. The discussions emphasize the importance of the results obtained and their relationship with the initial hypothesis (whether they support it or contradict it). The results obtained should be integrated with the results of other studies. For the unexpected results, the discussions also contain possible explanations, enunciated as hypotheses. No new results are introduced in the Discussion section.

If it is necessary for the results and their interpretation to be together, the author can opt for a common section of "Results and Discussions".

If there are limitations to the study, they should be highlighted. Applications of the study results and its continuation, if any, may be suggested.

In the Acknowledgements section, thanks are made either to some people or to some institutions or organizations for funding the study or for the help provided in the conduct of the study. Can be mentioned the grants and the sponsorships obtained and the auspices under which the study was carried out.

Annexes contain information that are not essential for understanding the article, but that can be useful to specialized readers (for example: all questions of a questionnaire).


Review article, also called a literature review, is a study of previously published research on a topic. This type of paper provides an overview of the current thinking on the topic, a high level and in-depth analysis with a well-structured presentation of the arguments. Unlike an original research article, it will not present new experimental results.

This type of article only critically and constructively evaluates literature in a particular field and, through summary, classification, analysis and comparison, provides an understanding of the progress of research in order to clarify a issue.

The aim of a literature review is therefore to provide a critical evaluation of the available data from existing studies. Review articles can identify potential areas of research that can be further explored and sometimes present new conclusions from existing data.

In short, the literature reviews:

  • Define and clarify a problem.
  • Exposing the current state of knowledge, provide a summary of previous research to inform the reader about the status of research.
  • Identifies relationships, contradictions, gaps and inconsistencies in the papers studied.
  • Make suggestions on the next step/next steps to solve the problem.

Therefore, an Abstract of a review of the literature contains the following:

  1. A summary of the problem under investigation.
  2. A summary of the main results.
  3. Conclusions.
  4. Implications for theory, practice or politics.

Also, Reviews have the following parts: Title, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussions, References.

Reviews of literarture vary considerably in length. Narrative reviews can range from 8,000 to 40,000 words (including References). Systematic reviews are usually shorter, with less than 10,000 words.


Short Communication are short papers that present original and significant materials for rapid dissemination. For example, a short communication may focus on a specific aspect of a problem, a hot topic, or a new finding that is expected to have a significant impact on a current issue.

Short Communications are limited to 3000 words and are not subdivided. The paper must contain an abstract, the main body and references, and contain no more than 4 figures or tables, combined.

Each papre will begin with "Short Communication: ..." followed by the title.

The structure of a Short Communication is similar to that of an original article.

The paper must:

  • Include a short abstract, a brief introduction, a materials and methods section, and a brief results and discussion part. The end of the article should include any acknowledgments, sources of materials and references.
  • Contain no more than 3000 words, excluding Abstract but including the References.
  • Have a limited number of figures and tables in total to 4, unless the article contains data needed to replicate a method.
  • No more than 10 references.


Case study - type article is a research approach that is used to generate in-depth, multifaceted understanding of a complex problem in its real context, widely used in a wide variety of disciplines, especially in the social sciences.

The purpose of such an article is to highlight a problem, discuss a way in which the problem can be solved, or present the need for research, clinical applications or theoretical problems. Case studies can be used to explain, describe or explore events or phenomena in the daily contexts in which they occur.

A case study is thus an empirical investigation that investigates a contemporary phenomenon in depth and in its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between the phenomenon and the context are not clearly evident. Therefore, case studies are based on the materials obtained in the process of working (of the author(s) with an individual, a group, a community or an organization.

In articles presenting a case study, it is necessary to present a predefined limit that clarifies the nature and time period covered by the case study (scope, start and end of the study), relevant social group, organization or geographical area of interest to the author, the types of evidence collected and the priorities for data collecting and analyzing.

Case studies can have, depending on the epistemological point of view of the researcher, a critical approach (questioning one's own hypotheses as well as those of others), interpretative approach (trying to understand social meanings) or positive approach (focusing on general considerations).

Case study-type articles are relatively short in length (1200-2000 words), accessible in the language of any reader, and will present both the study process and the results.

The abstract of such an article includes:

  1. A summary of the topic and important characteristics of the individual, group, community or organization.
  2. A review of the nature of the problem being studied or a answer to the problem demonstrated by the case study.
  3. Questions asked for further researchs or theories.

The introduction should clearly state the context of the case study and outline the exact approach to the topic.

The case study should contain an account of any lessons learned/ideas obtained and their implications for future practices and research.

References: Case studies will usually require a minimum of 5 but not more than 15 references which are included in the word count.

Citation rules used are according to APA style which can be accessed here. Author(s) having the obligation to correctly use the citation rules, the editorial team does not assume to adapt the citation forms used by the authors to the APA style. To help the authors, the editorial team also attaches an extract of the most common types of citations, taken from the APA website (APA-extract).

The editorial team will check that an author submits no more than two articles within the same issue of the journal, one of which as single author.